The anatomy of cannabis cultivated for smoking and hemp can be significantly different. There are differences between the species’ anatomy, including how they’re grown, how long it takes to flower, and more – but one of the most significant variations is in regards to pharmacological compounds, which means something different for consumers of those items. The three following chemicals are described in further depth below so that they may become more apparent. Are you still uncertain? When we get into greater details on the many instances when cannabis may be used, you’ll be able to find out more here.
The following are only suggestions; not all people respond to marijuana in the same way. Your own genetics, expectations, and prior experience with cannabis will all have an impact on how you react as well as your surroundings and circumstances.
Indica vs Sativa is a matter of personal preference, and both can be used to achieve the best results in different situations. The major difference between the two types of cannabis is that they have contrasting effects after ingestion. So, whether you’re using cannabis for leisure or medical purposes, it’s important to choose a strain that provides the intended advantages. It’s also worth noting that people respond differently to cannabis based on their weight, smoking frequency, strain source, and other factors. Here are some cannabasics to help you get started.
Indica plants are described as being shorter marijuana plants with dense buds, broad leaves, and thick stems since they grow more slowly than sativa during the vegetation cycle.
This is considered to be an evolutionary adaptation that allowed the plant to prosper in the harsh, chilly environment from which it was first discovered.
The THC content of indica flowers, stems, and leaves is generally enhanced by the presence of numerous THCA trichomes to protect the plant from the harshness of changing winter climates. Northern Lights, OG Kush, Blueberry Kush, Bubba Kush, and GDP are some well-known indica strains.
The indica marijuana plant is generally smaller than its sativa counterpart, with broader leaves and dense buds. Indica plants create a more relaxing effect and provide a powerful body high, so it’s commonly used to unwind, lose weight, get some sleep, or manage pain. Some would advocate sticking to indica strains at night only.
Indicas are valued for their relaxing effects and are categorized as having full-body effects that create a high sensation of being high, which reduces sleep and is excellent for pain management. Indica strains have a greater CBD content than sativas, which explains why they produce such powerful effects.
Indica strains are popular to smoke at night since they have sedative, sleepy effects.
Sativas, on the other hand, are more focused on the head than the body. Sativas are excellent for alertness, upliftment, euphoria, creativity, and increased energy besides offering a “headiness” to the high. Sativas have longer “feathery” buds and bigger leaves that cover them well. Sativas are usually thought of as being better suited for daytime usage.
Because of its fast vegetative growth cycle, sativa cannabis is characterized as having taller marijuana plants with thin, narrow leaves. Because indica and sativa are the two most frequently cultivated strains of cannabis, many people think that they’re polar opposites.
Because the plant has never had to adapt to cold weather, it does not have those abilities. Jack Herer, Sour Diesel, Blue Dream, Harlequin, and Super Silver Haze are some of the most popular sativa strains.
THC levels in sativa strains are higher, resulting in a stronger “head high” that stimulates energy and creativity owing to the greater amounts of THC and decreased levels of CBD. Users claim that they laugh more and have better visual experiences. However, it’s worth noting that these higher amounts of THC are also linked with an increased risk of paranoia.
The effects of a wake-n-bake Sativa are popular because it has less psychoactive effects than other marijuana strains. However, recent scientific research suggests that these side effects aren’t just linked to indica or sativa strains; thus, most cannabis available today is a hybrid.
Simply said, a hybrid is formed when an indica and sativa plant are crossbred. These strains usually have traits from both of the parents. The objective behind mixing indicas and sativas most frequently has to do with attempting to “cross” the characteristics of both into a new-and-improved strain for either medical (lupus, cancer, etc.) or pleasure uses.
Finally, we’ll look at the cannabis plant that straddles both categories. This plant is a cross between two plants, as the name implies. The hybrid is prized on the recreational market for its ability to blend important characteristics of each prominent strain type.
Hybrid cannabis, on the other hand, is created when two different cannabis strains and two different genders are crossed. Simply said, you’d have one male plant from one strain and one female plant from another.
Many elements influence how marijuana growers choose their two different strains to produce a new strain with desirable characteristics and traits, such as terpenes, flavor, aroma, and, of course, therapeutic effects.
Hybrid strains are still the majority of the cannabis strains you smoke today, regardless of whether they are labeled indica or sativa. You may come across marijuana strains that are sativa dominant or indica dominant, but cross breeding has limited the number of pure sativa and indica strains available.
Cannabis Hybrids Effects
Because each hybrid is a cross between two different strains, the effects are created by the two distinct parental marijuana strains, giving off a variety of effects.
That is why, when selecting cannabis, you should examine the chemical composition of the strain and its THC/CBD percentage.
With legalization on the rise, most cannabis is now being tested for its chemical composition in order to determine how powerful it is. THC and CBD percentages are often blended in hybrids.
Indica vs Sativa Similarities
Naturally, the strains are quite comparable. All three have a euphoric and altered state of consciousness, among other things. All three have medical applications in treating people dealing with a range of health issues including pain, anxiety, chronic illnesses, sleeplessness, and more.
However, all three of these medicines have a comparable list of undesirable side effects. Fatigue dizziness memory loss for short periods of time and anxiety are among the negative effects. Some individuals experience headaches, an impediment in speech, or depression when taking too much. These adverse affects aren’t experienced by everyone and are especially prevalent among youngsters who use it excessively.
Indica vs Sativa Differences
We already understand that indicas and sativas have distinct psychoactive and physical effects owing to their different cannabinoid and chemical composition, as we’ve previously said. These two sorts of plants also have varying THC/CBD ratios and terpenes, which distinguish them from each other.
Marijuana Growing Cycles
Both indica and sativa plants develop through the same vegetation cycle. The amount of sunshine received throughout late-spring to early-summer dictates the vegetation cycle when cultivated outside. When cultivated indoors, however, a grower may specify how short or long they want the cycle to be. They are distinguished by their flowering cycles.
Indica Growth Cycle
Indica plants develop faster, bear more buds for harvesting, and mature quicker than sativas. At the plant’s nodes, where leaves depart from the stems on the plants and develop in a 6-10 week period, the blooms are most apparent.
Sativa Growth Cycle
The flowering period is shorter than that of indica. Cannabis sativa has a longer blooming time, generally taking 10-12 weeks to mature before it can be harvested. Certain sativa strains, on the other hand, may take 16 weeks or more to bloom.
THC / CBD Ratio
Indica buds have a greater CBD to THC ratio than sativa plants, as previously stated. However, this isn’t always the case due to cross-genetics. The high CBD strain developed by the Stanley Brothers and categorized as a sativa is Charlotte’s Web, for example. As a result, you’ll never know whether you’re smoking indica or sativa based on the cannabinoid content; it’s only determined by the strain’s genetics.
Terpenes, like the marijuana plant’s other by-products, are terpenes. Terpenes are a type of oily residue that may be found in the glands and leaves of the plant. They occur in areas where CBD and THC oil are produced.
The terpenes are responsible for the distinctive scents and tastes of different marijuana strains. The terpenes, for example, help to give a strain of marijuana a fruity or citrusy flavor. There are over one hundred known terpenes in the world.
Terpenes are believed to play an important role in determining the impact of a marijuana strain. It is believed that terpenes may interact with other plant chemicals like as CBD or THC to produce specific subjective effects.
The numerous potential results of these interactions are wide-ranging and poorly understood. Terpenes, on the other hand, provide growers a chance to be more artisanal in their cannabis production. It also allows buyers to be more picky.
Labs will now analyze strains of cannabis to establish a detailed profile of the terpenes that are present. As a result, they may better advise the potential consumer regarding the strain’s effects.
As massive and as rich as marijuana’s history has been, the future appears to be brighter still. To make this happen, two key events are taking place simultaneously.
On the one hand, marijuana use is more accepted than ever before. More and more states decriminalize or legalize the use of cannabis each year, suggesting that increased acceptance isn’t a bad thing. Perhaps as a consequence of this, the study of cannabis has advanced considerably as well.
As cannabis science advances and manufacturing moves into the private sector, it appears increasingly feasible that researchers will be able to accomplish remarkable new things with the plant.
The isolation of various cannabinoids and chemical components of cannabis like CBN, CBG, or CBC is one of the most significant. Selective attention to particular terpenes or THC levels has the ability to substantially alter user experience, not to mention the huge variations in colors, appearance, and smell produced by these new strains.
The more we learn about the plant, the better equipped we will be to offer a personalized experience. This may imply ultra-precise patents on unique marijuana goods on the dry business side. It implies that dispensaries all across the country will have more and better alternatives for customers.